Ecstasy and Hallucinogen Information

Ecstasy/ Hallucinogens

cocaineMDMA (Ecstasy)
This is a free service for people of Oklahoma and surrounding states to provide the truth about drugs and advice that can help you or your loved one get reliable help. When you start looking at problems with Ecstasy, it is easy to get confused about the names and not knowing that MDMA is the chemical name for ecstasy.

MDMA also is a neurotoxin, which in high doses causes a sharp increase in body temperature leading to muscle breakdown and kidney and cardiovascular failure. In lower doeses, the body is still poisoned, but the drug delivers what effects users are wanting, an elevation of mood, especially related to feeling of love and romance.

MDMA is a synthetic, psychoactive drug with both stimulant (amphetamine-like) and hallucinogenic (LSD-like) properties. Street names for MDMA include Ecstasy, Adam, XTC, hug, beans, and love drug. Its chemical structure (3-4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine, "MDMA") is similar to methamphetamine, methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), and mescaline - other synthetic drugs known to cause brain damage.

The effects of MDMA usually last from 4 to 6 hours, although they vary by individual. Use of the drug may cause psychological problems similar to those associated with methamphetamine and cocaine abuse including confusion, depression, sleeplessness, anxiety, and paranoia. Physical reactions include increased heart rate, body temperature, and blood pressure, as well as nausea and cramping.

MDMA is becoming increasingly popular in Oklahoma City and Tulsa, especially among teenagers and young adults. MDMA also is readily available in western and northwestern Oklahoma City nightclubs. In the Tulsa area MDMA is distributed in the form of gel caps. It is also sold in tablet, capsule, or powdered form and usually is taken orally. In Oklahoma City in the second quarter of FY2002, MDMA sold for $10 to $40 per tablet, according to DEA.

Ecstasy is associtated with Rave Clubs and without ecstasy or methamphetaines, no one would indulge in these heavy-beat, overly stimulating music clubs.

Throughout the 1990's these high energy, all-night dance clubs feature hard-pounding techno-music and flashing laser lights, increased in popularity among teens and young adults. Raves occur in mostly Oklahoma City and Tulsa and have never become the hit that they are in NYC and other eastern large cities.

Sometimes these clubs are in large, 18-wheelers that have the back of the truck modified to accomodate all night dancing, music and drugs.

Raves often are promoted through flyers and advertisements distributed at clubs, record shops, clothing stores, on college campuses, and over the Internet.

"MDMA is the most popular club drugs. Rave club owners and managers often sell items at rave parties that are associated with MDMA use such as bottled water, pacifiers, menthol nasal inhalers, and glow sticks. "Ravers" drink water to offset dehydration caused by MDMA; use pacifiers to prevent the grinding of teeth, which is a side effect of MDMA use; and wave glow sticks in front of their eyes because MDMA stimulates light perception."

This may sound unreal to an Oklahoman, like myself, but it is what has been happening on the east coast and some of these same kinds of parties have been found in Oklahoma.

Becasue of these findings, in April 2001 the Governor of Oklahoma approved Senate Bill 441 making MDMA a Schedule I drug. The law establishes a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison for possession of MDMA.

Prior to the enactment of this law, MDMA was classified as a designer drug. Laws governing designer drugs are complex, and penalties vary according to the type and quantity of the drug possessed. According to a spokesperson for the Oklahoma Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs Control, the new law makes it clear that MDMA is illegal and ensures that the penalties are clearly defined.

"In March 2002 a Tulsa man was fined and sentenced to 5 years probation for conspiring to distribute MDMA in Oklahoma. Authorities identified two other men in the alleged conspiracy--one from Poland and the other from Kansas. Both men are currently in jail. The case was the second involving MDMA in the Northern District of Oklahoma in 2001 and was the first case in Oklahoma with an international connection. Between December 2000 and April 2001, the three men allegedly arranged for the transportation of nearly 1,000 MDMA tablets from Poland."

Source: U.S. Customs Service; U.S. Attorney Northern District of Oklahoma.

Rohypnol

...also called rophies,roofies. Rohypnol (flunitrazepam) belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines (Valium, Halcion, Xanax, and Versed). Rohypnols are not available by prescription in the US, but they are sold legally in Mexico and other countries in South America and Europe as a treatment for insomnia.

The abuse of Rohypnol in Oklahoma is mainly by young adults at raves and nightclubs. According to DEA, Rohypnol sold for $3 to $5 per dose in Oklahoma City in the first quarter of 2002. Rohypnol produces sedative-hypnotic effects including muscle relaxation and inhibits an individual's ability to recall events that occurred while under the influence of the drug. Rohypnol abuse may also cause physiological and psychological dependence.

Rohypnol is odorless, tasteless, and colorless and dissolves quickly in liquid. One milligram can impair or incapacitate a user for 8 to 12 hours. Because of this fact it has been termed the date-rape drug.

The manufacturer of Rophypnol changed manfacturing process to add a blue die that would make it more dificult to disove in someone's drink without their knowledge. This is a good move, but if someone is drinking a beer, they couldn't see the blue die. Why not make the pill bitter to the taste of some other ways to keeping it from being abused at the expense of others?

In Oklahoma there have been cases and convictions of men that have used this drug to take advantage of women. In 2000, a jury sentenced a man to 25 years for three sex crimes involving this drug. This was the first case in Tulsa County and also the first in Oklahoma wherer scientific evidence regarding use of this drug.

LSD

LSD is commonly called acid, boomers, and yellow sunshine, LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) and other names, but the chemical is a hallucinogen that induces abnormalities in sensory perceptions that can cause confusion and lead to emotional problems. This isn't the case with everyone that uses the drug, but the after effects are so profound, the it hardly warrents the risk in experminting with this powerful hallucinogen.

LSD is sold on the street in tablet, capsule, and liquid forms. LSD, which usually is taken orally, is odorless and colorless with a slightly bitter taste. The effects of LSD often depend on the amount taken and the user's personality and expectations. The user typically feels the first effects of the drug within 30 to 90 minutes of ingestion. Large doses produce delusions and visual hallucinations. The physical effects include dilated pupils, higher body temperature, increased heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth, and tremors.

LSD has become popular as a club drug in Oklahoma where, according to the DEA, it can be purchased in Oklahoma City for $5 to $7 in 2002 In Tulsa a single dose sold for $1 to $10. In Enid liquid LSD sold for $5 to $10 per drop--a drop is considered a single dose. DEA reports that the potency of LSD samples ranges from 20 to 80 micrograms of LSD per dose.

LSD has been available at colleges and high school in Oklahoma. Broken Arrow Police repored a slight incrase of LSD problems in their city and Enid, Oklahoma reported the same.


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